Drug prevention in Greece is mostly implemented by the 70 prevention centres established by ΟΚΑΝΑ, local authorities and by the Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs across the country.
Major emphasis is placed on prevention interventions in the school setting. Prevention in primary and secondary education encompasses programme-based interventions in the context of the health promotion programmes of the Ministry of Education and interventions designed and delivered by prevention agencies. The development of personal and social skills play an important role in these activities, both in primary and secondary education. Knowledge about drugs and changing attitudes towards drugs are also important components of programmes implemented in secondary education. In the school year 2005–06, there was an increase in drug prevention interventions implemented in primary and secondary schools. Furthermore, prevention agencies provide training seminars and supervision sessions to help teachers implement health promotion programmes. Families are also one of the core target groups of Greek prevention agencies: family prevention includes information events and training programmes (parents’ groups). In addition, prevention agencies appear to be responding to the challenge of organising prevention interventions outside the school setting for pre-adolescents and adolescents. These interventions include creative activities and experiential groups such as; drama groups, music groups and painting groups. In the view of providing information and raising public awareness about drugs and drug dependence, drug-specialised agencies utilise the internet, mobile units and organising prevention programmes in the workplace. Finally, prevention professionals target other members of the local community such as volunteers, the army, public security forces, health professionals and youth mediators.
Although drug prevention in Greece focuses more on universal interventions, it is clear that efforts are being made to develop and implement selective and indicated interventions reaching groups and individuals at risk. Icarus Prevention Unit (Κethea) designs and implements selective and indicated prevention interventions; targeting young offenders, immigrants, re-migrants, refugees, disabled children, children from dysfunctional environments and children living in care institutions.